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Messages - Daniel Grant

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Tools and Equipment / Re: Sow Perfect Seeder
« on: February 19, 2018, 09:28:22 PM »
Please let us know how you like your German seeder...what you like and what does not work so good. Also post a contact site.

General Discussion / Re: Who's putting in tomato plants?
« on: February 19, 2018, 09:24:29 PM »
Planting early will hopefully give you a jump on the weeds. Hopefully you veggies will be high enough and thick enough to shade out those pesky weeds.

General Discussion / Re: Any use a TORCH on their weeds?
« on: February 19, 2018, 09:21:47 PM »
I have used a torch from Harbor Freight. It costs about $25.00 and attaches to the propane tank. It is very effective on small weeds that recently germinated. If used on newly germanited weeds you do not have to worry about fire. If I was going to burn a garden I would plow around the garden and have a 6 or 8 foot fire brake. Using torches, propane burners is very popular now. Equipment companies are selling multi-row propane weeders. They are most often used when weeds are very small not long after germination. They are not used on weeds a foot high. I know you have raised beds and this would not help you but may help others. When using a tiller, first till with the rear flap raised. It will leave most of the weeds on the surface and the sun will kill them. You can then till again with flap down and it will bury the dead leaves.

General Discussion / Re: New FSMA Produce Safety Rules
« on: February 18, 2018, 02:54:08 AM »
Hopefully this will work
Exemptions and the Produce Safety Rule
The Produce Safety Rule – the part of the Food Safety Modernization Act that applies to produce growers – blocks out some exemptions from the rule, based on sales volumes and customer-types. These exemptions have been the source of a lot of confusion, and plenty of misinformation. I have attempted to distill some clarity out of the rule itself, and have created some resources to help document eligibility for one of these exemptions.

Does the Produce Safety Rule Apply to You?
In brief, the Produce Safety Rule creates two significant exemptions for fresh-market produce growers:
•   The $25,000 produce-sales bottom threshold; and
•   The qualified exemption.
There are also some issues about produce that is covered by the rule, and produce that is not covered by the rule, as well as compliance dates to consider.

With the support of Growing for Market magazine, I put together an article to address exemptions to the rule, compliance timelines, and training requirements for farmers.

A slightly revised version of that article, including links to citations in the Produce Safety Rule, is available here:
•   Does the Produce Safety Rule Apply to You? | (PDF)
Qualified Exemption Resources
If your farm is eligible for a qualified exemption, FDA requires that you provide a written record reflecting that you have performed an annual review and verification of your farm’s continued eligibility for the qualified exemption.

The accompanying records are designed to help you:
•   Determine and document whether your customers meet the definition of a “qualified end-user”;
•   Determine whether your sales numbers meet the criteria for the qualified exemption; and
•   Provide documentation of your review and verification of your farm’s continued eligibility for the qualified exemption.
Please note that these record-keeping forms do not help you determine if your farm is a “not-covered farm” due to produce sales of less than $25,000 (adjusted for inflation), because FDA has not established a record-keeping requirement  for farms that meet this produce-sales bottom threshold.

Although the following documents can stand on their own, I suggest that you read Does the Produce Safety Rule Apply to You? to get a more thorough understanding of the qualified exemption and association requirements.

These worksheets were in collaboration with University of Wisconsin Extension. I would like to thank UW Extension for their support. You can access versions of these documents at the UW On-Farm Produce Food Safety website.
Paper-Based Documentation
The paper-based system has three components:
•   Instructions for completing the paperwork;
•   The Annual Summary of Farm Sales, to be completed each year;
•   The Annual Review and Verification, which draws on the three most recent Annual Summaries of Farm Sales to help you determine and document your eligibility for the qualified exemption.
The Annual Summary of Farm Sales and the Annual Review and Verification are provided as separate documents because the first year you complete the review, you will need three farm-sales summaries.
Excel Spreadsheet Documentation
For the slightly more computer-savvy, this spreadsheet does exactly what the paper-based documentation does, with the added bonus that it does the math for you.
•   Qualified Exemption Determination Spreadsheet (Excel)

Tools and Equipment / Re: Advice in buying a PTO Tiller
« on: February 18, 2018, 02:48:53 AM »
CCAT, I do not know what part of 'Bama you with be but I would consider Agri Supply in Tifton Georgia.  I do not think there is one in 'Bama. I have the 48 inch Caroni (Agri Supply) and have been very pleased with it. Agri Supply stocks parts for everything they sell. If you have never been in an Agri Supply store it is awesome, as large as a Walmart and is a farmer supply store. My tiller is a chain drive. After research I prefer the chain drive. If you hit something substantial you may break the chain. If it is gear drive it is an expensive repair. On the smaller tillers the gears on the gear drive are small not like on the larger tillers. Everything Attachments sells a tiller that is the L tine. They prefer the L tine. If you watch their video he explains why. Their shipping is free within 1000 miles.

General Discussion / New FSMA Produce Safety Rules
« on: February 17, 2018, 01:27:06 PM »
I know these rules will not affect most of us but I thought you might like to know about them and who would be affected.

General Discussion / Re: Where do you order your TPPEPH seeds from
« on: February 17, 2018, 01:24:35 PM »
 Deer ate my tators, peas and beans as fast as they sprouted two years ago. I stretched a 2 strand electric fence and never had any more problem with deer. Last year the turkeys Went down the rows of my sweet corn and ate nearly every seed just as it was peaking above the dirt. The corn was the only thing they ate. The left a little funnel shaped hole where they pulled the corn up. This year I may add a lower wire for the turkeys.

General Discussion / Re: Where do you order your TPPEPH seeds from
« on: February 17, 2018, 12:56:40 AM »
I ordered from Morgan County. I ordered a lot of seed from them this year. I split my seed purchase and buy from my local feed and seed for seed that they have. I try to support they as often as I can because I want to keep the convenience of being able to drive over and immediately have what I need. It is getting the cost of shipping is exceeding the cost of the purchase.

General Discussion / Re: Prayers for Bill (Golpher Broke)
« on: February 14, 2018, 09:50:48 PM »
I hope your "weed" Killer works as well as if you had ordered it from Johnny's  seeds.

General Discussion / Re: What kind of bush beans do you like?
« on: February 09, 2018, 11:01:14 PM »
I have some strike bean seeds left from last year and will be planting hem. I am also planting Rampicante Super Marconi, a pole bean from Italy. Some friends who are market gardeners swear by these. They say they will produce for 4 months without a pause. They need a strong trellis because they produce a thick 8 or 9 foot vine. They are a stringless flat bean. I ordered the seed from Seeds from Italy which is based out of Kansas. The packages are generous.  I am getting tired of crawling around like a caterpillar picking bush beans. If interested i will report back at the end of the summer on these.

General Discussion / Re: Prayers for Bill (Golpher Broke)
« on: February 09, 2018, 10:43:44 AM »
I am glad to hear the stint gave you relief and helped renourish you positive mental attitude. A positive mental attitude will make the grey days brighter and help you to continue to move forward. If you might need some seeds let me know I may have some extras of what you are interested in.

Seed Exchange / Re: Onions
« on: February 06, 2018, 09:43:42 PM »
You can still plant some onion sets. I was at my local feed and seed and they will be getting their onion sets in this Friday. They should produce onions but not the big onions  like you would get from planting onion plants. Mark your calendar for next October to look for local plants at the feed and seed. You plant them with a spacing of 6 inches between plants and at least 10 inches between rows so 60 plants do not take up as much space as it sounds

Seed Exchange / Re: Onions
« on: February 05, 2018, 07:51:26 PM »
Georgia Clay,
I do not know if you live in Georgia or if you do what part of Georgia. I live in Coastal GA next to the Vidalia growing counties, Zone 8/9. I purchase onions (granex plants same planted in Vidalia) from my feed and seed for about $3.00 a bunch of 60. I bought the last two bunches in December.  We plant our plants here the middle of November to the end of December. They will be getting onion sets in (small dried onion bulb) this week or next which you can plant now. They are sold by weight.  I would think you need to plant  onion seeds during August or early September but Someone on this forum from your zone will tell you.

General Discussion / Re: Why Southern Biscuits are better
« on: February 03, 2018, 08:32:01 AM »
Great times and great memories come from around the table. I enjoy each and everyone of your table stories

General Discussion / Re: Why Southern Biscuits are better
« on: January 31, 2018, 04:22:42 PM »
I have to admit my secret. I cannot tell a lie or purposely mislead. The best biscuits can be made from Southern Biscuit mix. Not Southern biscuit flour but the mix. It comes with flakes of butter everything is contained. (You may have to look for it or ask your store to stock it) I cut their recipe on the bag in half because I am only fixing for me. I make the buttermilk by putting a tablespoon of vinegar in the milk and stirring it before pouring it in the mix. This makes light, fluffy and tasty biscuits. Not much more effort than banging the can on the side of the sink. I do not roll them out. I scoop out mix and plop it on a silicone mat and place in the toaster oven on 400. Walla when they come out have your fresh butter, homemade preserves or sausage patty ready to insert.

General Discussion / Why Southern Biscuits are better
« on: January 31, 2018, 01:06:24 AM »
Southern cooks have several tricks up their sleeves when it comes to making tender and delicious biscuits, from the cutters they use, to the type and amount of liquid incorporated, to the number of kneads required to turn out a perfect dough. One not-so-secret ingredient they rely upon is soft wheat flour. Soft wheat thrives in temperate, moist climates like that of the mid-Atlantic, so cooks in those areas have had ready access to its special flour for a long time.
So why is soft wheat flour so magical when it comes to making biscuits? Simply put, it all comes down to gluten. Gluten is the material that gives things like breads and cakes their elasticity and structure, and it gets formed when water mixes with flour and causes the proteins to bond together. So, since hard wheat flour (bread flour) has about twice as much protein as soft wheat flour, it will yield more gluten and make a chewier final product. That does not make a tender biscuit!
With less protein and therefore weaker gluten formation, soft wheat is ideal for making biscuits and other items with a delicate texture. It gets milled into pastry flour, which is composed of 9-10% protein, giving it slightly more strength than cake flour (ideal for fine-crumbed cakes and muffins) but making it less sturdy than bread or all-purpose flour, which make wonderfully chewy breads. The gluten formed from the use of pastry flour yields a flaky biscuit with just the right amount of structure.
Interestingly, the go-to product for many Southern cooks is an all-purpose flour made by White Lily, though it is essentially pastry flour because it has a very low protein content. If you can't find White Lily all-purpose flour or any pastry flour at your grocery store, make your own version with equal parts cake flour and all-purpose flour. Bear in mind that even armed with the magic of pastry flour, making flawless biscuits takes an incredible amount of experience. This is a case where practice truly makes perfect!

Homesteading Skills / Re: Old Ladder Back Chairs with Cane Bottomes
« on: January 30, 2018, 11:10:27 PM »
I have two chairs that were on the porch of my grandfather's store in Louisiana. They have solid hide stretched across the seat not strips. They are probably at least 100 years old and as strong and tight as when the hide was stretched on them. I know this probably does not help or answer your questions. I am telling you this because they are from Eros, Louisiana and original and you may want to consider stretching the whole hide and tacking it on.

Happy Hour / Re: New member signing in
« on: January 30, 2018, 10:59:09 PM »
Georgia Clay,
Glad to have you join our group. You will find there are several of us from Georgia. I live in Richmond Hill just south of Savannah.  Where do you live in middle GA? Most gardeners begin small but it is like I learned from owning sailboats. You develop 2-foot-itis. You want just 2 more feet...then 2 more feet. Mine has grown to 3/4 of an acre and a collection of implements. I have learned much from Donald and his videos and by asking questions on the forum. This has given me a great knowledge base to not only grow many vegetables but also but to branch out and try new techniques. Regarding your two garden plots. I would do a soil test from the two plots and take it to your county extension office. For two 500 plots you could combine the samples and send it off. They will give you suggestions on amendments you need to add to increase your production. It should be about $8.00 for the test.

I am going to use cattle panels from Tractor Supply this year. They are $20.00 on sale. I heard they were a bit flimsy but if I hold them up with T-posts they should be fine. I am also going to trellis my slicing cucumbers on them. I can reuse them for years. You would need to make sure your okra grows fast, is tall enough and strong enough to support the pole beans. I am planting an Italian pole bean that often grows thick and to 8 feet. I don't think a plant would support them.

« on: January 20, 2018, 06:02:20 PM »
I prefer Slap Your Mama. I order it on line because I do not think it is sold outside Louisiana .

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